National Mangrove Committee (1987) Philippines Case Study. Study area. To address mangrove degradation, various mangrove planting programs have been implemented in the last thirty years. As DENR’s PAWD takes the lead in propagating mangrove forests in the Philippines, let us find a way to lend support to this cause by joining mangrove tours to help our local coastal communities purchase mangrove seedlings and restore their mangrove forests. Mangroves also play a vital role in trapping and filtering sediments, which help protect coastlines. Mangroves are a source of alcohol, medicines, tannin, timber, and housing materials. Tubalan, Brgy. BSC Management; BSC Accounting (Assumption College, San Lorenzo, Makati); Assumption High School (San Lorenzo, Makati). The study covered 44.56 hectares of mangroves, composed of 27.64 hectares from the Iloilo River and 16.92 from the Batiano River. Status of Philippine mangroves Studies on the mangroves of the ASEAN region prior to 1994 have been reviewed by a number 'of authors (Wilkinson et al. The study was conducted for the purpose to identify mangroves diversity and assessment in barangay Cagdianao particularly near the mining area for the purpose of rehabilitation and conservation. Mangroves transfer organic matter and energy from land to sea, forming the base of many marine food sources. We collaborate with various stakeholders – local and international - to document and enhance our understanding of Philippine mangrove biodiversity. Historical research has enhanced understanding of past human influences on forests and provides insights that can improve current conservation efforts. Mangrove forests can roof a number of endemic bird species that are endangered. Out of the world’s more than 70 salt-tolerant mangrove species, around 46 species exist in the Philippines. There are limited studies that quantifiably document the contribution of these planting programs. Philippine mangroves chart (2.17 MB) South China Seas Fisheries Development and Coordinating Programme, FAO, UNEP, Manila. Although natural disasters are big threats, man-made pollution is the biggest threat to mangroves. With the mangroves’ distinctive stilt and prop roots extending from the trunk, mangroves thrive in areas of soft, waterlogged, and oxygen-poor soil by using aerial and horizontal roots to gain a foothold in the soil. In fact, study shows that a kilometer-wide of mangrove area can reduce the tsunamis by 70% when it comes to strength.” DENR defines mangroves as a part of the coastal and marine ecosystem that includes seagrass and the coral reefs. 1979. This study was a descriptive survey on the assessment of mangroves conducted to identify the mangrove structures in the coastal areas of Enclaro, Binalbagan. Field guide to Philippine mangroves (3.43 MB) 4. The Philippines harbour 39 species of true mangroves belonging to the following genera: Acanthus, Camptostemon, Lumnitzera, Excoecaria, Pemphis, Xylocarpus, Aegiceras, Osbornia, Nypa, Aegialitis, Bruguiera, Ceriops, Kandelia, Rhizophora, Scyphiphora, and Sonneratia. More than 35% of the world’s mangroves are already gone. minimum mapping unit used in this study was 0.08 ha. Washington, D.C. USA / Manila, Philippines - Climate change and coastal development are increasing the risks to people and property from flooding across the globe. in 1970, and further to 123,400 ha. Created Date: 3/10/2004 9:26:45 AM Further, this study endeavoured to develop mangrove rehabilitation frameworks/guidelines by distilling the best practices and lessons learned from the secondary information, participatory assessment of the outcomes of rehabilitation treatments … In The mangrove forests are one of the world’s most threatened tropical ecosystems. DENR is targeting to plant mangroves in more than 50K hectares of swamps, especially in areas frequently hit by typhoons. The Philippines is known to be one of the mangrove biodiversity centers in the world (next to Indonesia). Philippine mangroves reduce flooding damages to people and property by 25% annually. A multitude of aquatic and salt-tolerant plants also grow within the mangrove forests. historical studies of human inÔø½uences on mangrove forests. A new study released today by the WAVES Program, led by the World Bank, quantitatively values the benefits provided by mangroves across the Philippines … The fauna is equally diverse. Mangroves play a crucial role in marine ecosystem since it supports vital elements in the food chain. We collaborate with various stakeholders – local and international - to document and enhance our understanding of Philippine mangrove biodiversity. Most deforestation of mangrove is caused by the mangrove conversion to fish ponds. Executive Editor, Maritime Review Magazine. DENR spends roughly Php50K per hectare as part of the National Greening Program to plant mangroves. Given the challenges in mangrove conservation, a collaborative research study was undertaken to synthesize the best practices and challenges in mangrove rehabilitation in the Philippines, Myanmar, Japan, China and India. Posted By: Vicky Viray-Mendoza Mangroves provide several ecological and socio-economic services to coastal communities valued at US$ 292,000/ha (UNEP 2007). However, most of these planting programs are located in suboptimal conditions, hence survival is low and growth is stunted (Salmo III et al. Most of these losses can be attributed to conversion to aquaculture ponds particularly in the provinces of Pangasinan and Iloilo. Mangroves are also among the carbon-rich forests providing protection against strong waves and storm surges. The link between land and the sea. Mangroves provide several ecological and socio-economic services to coastal communities valued at US$ 292,000/ha (UNEP 2007). The present study determined and evaluated the anthropogenic activities of the local settlers living near Philippine National Aquasilviculture Program (PNAP) - Mangrove Rehabilitation Areas in the 4 selected Coastal Barangays of Davao Occidental namely Brgy. The Department of Environmental Science of the Ateneo de Manila University successfully hosted the 1st State of the Mangroves Summit: Northwestern Luzon on October 23-24, 2014, with more than 50 participants coming from the academe, national agencies, various NGOs, and local government units found along the coast of Northwestern Luzon. The threats include: IUCN: Mangrove forests in worldwide decline. This website is dedicated to the advancement of mangrove research in the Philippines. Special interest in Marine Environment. 1979. It is believed that the Handbook will help promote mangrove rehabilitation in Panay, and set a model for other areas in the Philippines as well. Direct economic values estimated in the Philippines for mangrove wood and fish products combined range from USD1,396 per hectare per year (Padilla et al 1996; Schatz 1991 & Trinidad 1994). Mangroves are susceptible to pollution, particularly oil and petroleum-based compounds; and a change in salinity levels can have a dramatic impact on the mangrove forest. Congratulations team! The roots absorb oxygen from the air, and the tree leaves expel excess salt. Mangroves in the Philippines were reduced from an original area of about 500,000 ha to approximate 288,000 ha. Together, we can make a progressive approach on mangrove research and management! Hanneke Van Lavieren of United Nations University said, “There is now a growing awareness of the importance of mangroves, and government and community-led efforts are under way to restore or replant mangroves, and to improve legal systems to regulate future use.”. “These ecosystems are not only a vital component in efforts to fight climate change, but they also protect some of the world’s most vulnerable people from extreme weather and provide them with a source of food and income,” Stone adds. 200 000. Congratulations Vanessa Malapit for successfully defending her thesis, entitled “Assessment of Vulnerability of Mangroves Against Sea Level Rise Using Vegetation and Sediment Attributes” on 23 November 2018. We also study the role of mangrove ecosystem health (as disturbed, restored and intact) in the vulnerability, adaptability (through sequestration of atmospheric CO2), and resiliency of mangroves against sea level rise. For more than 30 years, a community in the central Philippines has been actively involved in reforesting and protecting a mangrove site, which has expanded from 50 hectares to 220 hectares (124 acres to 544 acres). This event was part of a series of Mangrove Summits that focus on the state of mangroves, and mangrove management all around the Philippines. Plant mangroves on the entire 190-kilometer coastline of Manila Bay. Mangrove forests are vital to coastal communities as they help protect against damage caused by tsunami waves, erosion and storms, and serve as a nursery for fish and other species that support coastal livelihoods. This study was conducted on January 14-17, 2016 at Brgy. Material and Method. Dr. Salmo served as one of the plenary speakers in the recently concluded 4th International Symposium on the Effects of Climate Change on World’s Oceans (ECCWO) in Washington DC, USA on 8 June 2018. 22-Nov-2017. Understanding the role of mangroves in enhancing coastal ecosystem health, and providing evidences that it will save lives and properties will be vital in crafting policies that will govern mangrove management. According to JICA, studying the mangroves that survived Typhoon Yolanda was crucial in the study of blue carbon system conservation. However, there have been massive mangrove losses particularly during the 1970s-1990s periods. As a result of the assessment, 11 out of 70 (16%) mangrove species have been placed on the IUCN Red List. Imelda, Dinagat Island, Philippines. More than 1 in 6 (17%) mangrove species worldwide are in danger of extinction largely due to coastal development, climate change, logging and agriculture, according to the first-ever global assessment on the conservation status of mangroves for the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. DENR defines mangroves as a part of the coastal and marine ecosystem that includes seagrass and the coral reefs. Out of the world’s more than 70 salt-tolerant mangrove species, around 46 species exist in the Philippines. mangrove forest is essential in preserving and protecting the remaining mangrove forest in the Philippines. historical studies of human influences on mangrove forests. The Philippines is known to be one of the mangrove biodiversity centers in the world (next to Indonesia). 2nd State of the Mangroves Summit: Southern Luzon, ADMU holds 1st State of the Mangroves: Northwestern Luzon, Philippine Mangroves: Biodiversity, Conservation and Management, 3rd State of the Mangrove Summit: Central and Eastern Visayas, 3rd Project Partners’ Meeting (Palompon, Leyte; 9-12 June 2017), The National Seagrass-Mangrove Bioshield Conference, Presentation at 13th PAMS, General Santos City, 1st USAID/PEER Project Partner’s Meeting (17 August 2015), Past (completed) members of the Project team, 1st Project Partner’s Meeting (17 August 2015), 9-11 January 2018, Mangrove sampling in Salcedo, Samar (sites damaged by Super Typhoon Yolanda), 2nd ASEAN Mangrove Congress (4-8 September 2017), CTI Blue Carbon Workshop (28-31 August 2017, Tagaytay and Calatagan), 14th National Symposium in Marine Science (14-16 July 2017; Nasugbu, Batangas), 39th NAST Annual Scientific Meeting (12-13 July 2017; Manila Hotel), 13-14 July 2016; 38th NAST Awarding Ceremony, 13th National Symposium on Marine Science (PAMS 13): Oct. 22-24, 2015, 2nd Mangrove Summit: Southern Luzon (1-2 October 2015), State of the Mangrove Summit Proceedings: Southern Luzon, List and Status of Philippine Mangrove Species, 1st State of the Mangroves Summit: Northwestern Luzon. 1), we estimated that the total mangrove forest area of the world in 2000 was 137,760 km2 in 118 countries and territories. In 2013, global Landsat imaging done from 1990-2010 by Jordan B. 1986; DENR Introduction. Henry Adoraro, Director, Ecosystem Research and Development Bureau stated, “Mangroves provide shelter and protection to the community. Studies on mangrove crab at the SEAFDEC/AQD started in 1977, but were soon discontinued to give way to a priority shrimp species, Penaeus monodon.Studies were resumed in 1997 in collaboration with Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research (ACIAR) mainly to develop seed production and improve farming techniques. Manual on Mangrove Reversion of Abandoned and Illegal Brackishwater Fishponds (2.92 MB) 2. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION Based on the first full assessment of all mangrove forests of the world (Fig. This handbook is well designed for non-specialist readers, with precise firsthand scientific data and illustrative descriptions as well as visual presentation. in 1993. 2013). It will focus speciÔø½cally on historical changes in two distinct areas in the Philippines, namely Bais Bay and Banacon Island, selected by virtue of their regional ecological signiÔø½-cance and the fact that local planting of mangroves had been Historical changes in mangroves and their use were examined in Bais Bay and Banacon Island, Philippines. The 2nd State of the Mangroves Summit was held at the Faber Hall of Ateneo de Manila University on October 1-2, 2015. The 2-day summit was hosted by Ms. Abigail Favis, a faculty of Ateneo’s Environmental Science Department and Campus Sustainability Program Manager of Ateneo’s Institute of Sustainability. The World Wildlife Fund (WWF) considers the mangrove forest as a bridge between terrestrial and marine environments, and as a productive ecosystem. Continue reading 2nd State of the Mangroves Summit: Southern Luzon →. This scarcity of species is not normal. Studies also showed that the Philippines has about 50 percent of the total mangrove species in the world. Long of EROS and Chandra Giri of ARSC, both of which were contractors of USGS in South Dakota, published in the Journal of Coastal Research, the estimated total area of Philippine mangrove coverage at 256, 185 hectares in 2000, which was a bit higher than DENR’s estimate of 247,362 hectares in 2003. In mangroves alone, the country holds at least 50 % mangrove species of the world’s approximately 65 species. Carmela Garcia (MSc ES), Celine Campos (BSc ES), Tin Dalida, Bill Dimalanta (BSc ES) and Ginny Tiongson (BSc ES) graduated last 25 May 2018. Mangrove ecosystems are most diverse in South Asian seas and least diverse in Caribbean seas. Without these conditions, the propagation or conservation of mangroves is difficult or next to impossible to achieve. Studies on farming the seaweed Caulerpa [Clopohita, siphonales] in two mangrove areas in The Philippines. Mangroves are thus home to terrestrial and marine life. Continue reading ADMU holds 1st State of the Mangroves: Northwestern Luzon →. However, there have been massive mangrove losses particularly during the 1970s-1990s periods. Since mangrove forests grow where saltwater meets the shore in tropical and subtropical regions, they serve as an interface between terrestrial, fresh-water and marine ecosystems. Random sampling was used and with a total number of six Philippines. 2008), will further reduce mangrove areas in the country. 1994). Importance of Mangrove ecosystem services: Threats. The report finds 66 out of 82 (80%) provinces have mangroves; and identified the top provinces with the most mangrove areas as a percentage of total national area: Palawan (22.2%), Sulu (8%), and Zamboanga del Norte and Sur (9.86%); Surigao del Norte and Sur (6.8%), Eastern and Western Samar (6.1%), Quezon (5.5%), Tawi-Tawi (4.4%), Bohol (3.69%), and Basilan (2.97%). In addition, they have an incredible ability to seize carbon from the atmosphere, and serve as both a source and storage for nutrients for inshore marine habitats, such as seagrass beds and coral reefs. We updated our list of publication including 2018 articles as well as non-mangrove articles. Mangrove forest is one of the vital ecosystems in tropical countries. “The loss of mangroves will have devastating economic and environmental consequences,” says Greg Stone, Senior Vice President, Marine Programs, Conservation International. We welcome volunteers – researchers, students, advocates – to help us generate information and knowledge about Philippine mangroves. The Ateneo de Manila University is hosting the 1st State of the Mangroves Summit: Northwestern Luzon on October 23-24, 2014. … It will focus specifically on historical changes in two distinct areas in the Philippines, namely Bais Bay and Banacon Island, selected by virtue of their regional ecological signifi-cance and the fact that local planting of mangroves had been documented in each (Cabahug et al. ZSL Community-based Mangrove Rehabilitation Manual (10.27 MB) 3. Retired World Bank Group Operations Analyst. But apart from the natural and human threats, Mangroves require relatively intact hydrographic and salinity regimes. “Mangroves form one of the most important tropical habitats that support many species, and their loss can affect marine and terrestrial biodiversity more widely.”. Participants include representatives from the Provincial Governments of Bulacan, Bataan, Zambales, Pangasinan, La Union, Ilocos Sur, Ilocos Norte, and Cagayan; the Municipal Offices of Masinloc, Zambales and Bani, Pangasinan; the Subic Bay Metropolitan Authority; the Department of Environment and Natural Resources; and other institutions involved in mangrove management in the Philippines. In fact, study shows that a kilometer-wide of mangrove area can reduce the tsunamis by 70% when it comes to strength.”. The mangrove is known as the “rainforest of the sea,” and like the inland rainforest, a mangrove provides both economic and ecological benefits to the coastlines. In: Mangroves of Asia and the Pacific: status and management. 1997). The 3rd State of the Mangrove Summit: Central and Eastern Visayas was just finished. Figure 4 presents a summary of mangrove ecosystem value averages from around the world, which sum up to USD3,294 ha/year (Constanze et al. A total of 48 participants attended the summit. Besides this mangroves also provide construction timber for houses and fish traps and firewood. 4.2 Case studies: mangrove reforestation with Environmental Cash for Work in Mindoro and Palawan 67 4.2.1 Socio-economic backgrounds of the four barangays 69 4.2.2 Methodology and sampling 73 4.2.3 Summary: the state, use and management of mangroves at the barangay level 74 4.3 Main findings of the mangrove reforestation case study 77 The Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR) was recently mentioned on UNTV News on 05-September-2017 as continuously pushing for the periodic planting of mangroves. Bulacan alone is home to 22 mangrove species, including piapi (Avicennia marina), a sturdy tree that serves as both a natural wave barrier and shelter for fish, according to Stay Grounded, a global network of more than 150 organizations that oppose the airport project. 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