Descurainia sophia (L.) Webb ex Prantl. Animals disperse tansymustard seeds when the mucilaginous seedcoat sticks to feathers or fur . Cotyledons (seed leaves) are hairless, lance to football shaped, and small, up to 1/3 of an inch (7 mm) long. 2013; 2013:584604. Sisymbrium sophia L.. CHANNEL Lung, Urinary Bladder FUNCTIONS 1. Ethanolic extract of Descurainia sophia seeds sensitizes A549 human lung cancer cells to TRAIL cytotoxicity by upregulating death receptors. Descurainia sophia (L.) has multiple medicinal uses which have long been recognized by a system of Traditional Chinese Medicines (TCM). Pertinent Common Names (particularly those used in California; go to GRIN for other common names). Flixweed Descurainia sophia. Seed dispersal: Wind, water, machinery, and animals transport herb sophia seed, although most seed falls near the parent plant . Presented here is summary information about the species Descurainia sophia from the Global Compendium of Weeds, and citations of references to this species as a weed.Definitions of terms are available in the GCW introduction .For further information--or to report corrections or concerns--contact webmaster@hear.org. California county polygons can be turned off and on in the layer control box. Flixweed is the common name of the plant descurainia sophia. How to Identify Flixweed (Descurainia Sophia) This is Flixweed, a native of Eurasia that is an invasive weed in North America. Descurainia sophia, commonly known as flixweed, is an annual (rarely biennial) pioneer herb that colonises disturbed sites and is adapted to growing in dry environments.It is also a crop pest and can facilitate the establishment of other introduced species. Temperature was recorded at a depth of 10 mm. It branches occasionally, and is more or less erect. cm. Download Citation | Descurainia sophia (L.): A weed with multiple medicinal uses | Descurainia sophia (L.) is a dicot annual weed, distributed in many countries of Asia, Europe, Africa and America. You can change the display of the base map and layers by clicking on the layer control box in the upper right-hand corner. From our previous gene expression profiling of TRAIL-refractory A549 human lung cancer cells, we found that DR4 and DR5 expression was enhanced by treatment with the ethanolic extract of Descurainia sophia seeds (EEDS) . [PMC free article] Jong-Shik Park, Chae Jun Lim, Ok-Sun Bang and; No Soo Kim; Abstract Background Our previous genome-wide gene expression analysis revealed that tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) death receptors 4 (DR4) and 5 (DR5) are … 4 Germination phenology (from August 1998 to 10 June 1999) of Descurainia sophia seeds collected at Vadstena on various dates in 1998. Descurainia sophia is a Annual/Biennial up to 0.90 metres tall. The first leaf pair often appear opposite to one another on the stem. Seeds of Descurainia Sophia shatter in the field, consequently, soil is the main source of crop infestation with this weed. FOR SALE! Geographic subdivisions for Descurainia sophia: CA : MAP CONTROLS 1. In this study, we determined whether the EEDS-mediated upregulation of DR4 and DR5 translated to sensitization of A549 cells to TRAIL cytotox-icity. Its weed, known as khak-e shir or khakshir in Iran, is used with water as a drink, which is mostly used as thirst quencher in hot weather. Abstract Three new sulphur glycosides, raphanuside B–D (1–3), together with a known sulphur glycoside, raphanuside (4) were isolated from the decoction of the seeds of Descurainia sophia (L.) Webb ex Prantl, and the compound 4 was reported for the first time from this plant. The stalk below the cotyledon is usually inconspicuous and covered with minute, branched hairs. The stem is straight, branched, 10-80 cm tall, grayish, pubescent. Descurainia sophia.- Southern Tíng lì zǐ. Orange seeds in one row of each side of the pod. Flixweed seeds: Iranian khakshir . Descurainia sophia seeds/plants for sale Flixweed Latin name: Descurainia sophia Synonyms: Sisymbrium sophia Family: Cruciferae Medicinal use of Flixweed poultice of the plant has been used to ease the pain of toothache. Title Valves 1-nerved their full length and often with less evident side nerves. Seed buried in soil under sub-arctic conditions had 3% viability after 9.7 years. Fruits: pods, nearly erect, cylindrical, linear, 2-3 cm long, 1-1.5 mm broad, hardly constricted between seeds, rounded at the tip, the stigma nearly stalkless. We undertook this study to assess the epigenetic effects of ethanol extract of D. sophia seeds (DSE) in an ovalbumin (OVA)-induced mouse model of asthma. Flixweed, Ting Li Zi (Descurainia Sophia) is a genus of herbaceous plants in the Brassicaceae family. Lipids from Descurainia Sophia Seeds Lipids from Descurainia Sophia Seeds Bekker, N.; Ul’chenko, N.; Glushenkova, A. The ju Description (diagnostics are in brown). Flixweed originally grew in on the steppes of Western Asia but it 153816761893 It is well represented in western Asia and Europe. Kim BY, Lee J, Park SJ, Bang OS, Kim NS. The medicinal attributes and pharmacological activities especially ascribed to seeds of Descurainia sophia (L.) are elaborated below. It reproduces by seeds.It is a dominant weed in dark brown prairie and black prairie soils of southern Alberta. Seeds recovered from house demolitions and dated at 20-30 years are reported to have germinated. It is a winter annual that blooms in the spring. 2005-08-30 00:00:00 Chemistry of Natural Compounds, Vol. Flowers mature quickly, the plant elongates, and seed pods (siliques) grow rapidly to 15-30 mm long but only .5-1 mm wide. 2. The stems are greyish or bluish green and pubescent; sometimes the lower stem is nearly glabrous and light purplish green. The grayish-green plant grows up to 1 m high. Flixweed is an annual, winter annual, or a biennial weed of crops. (Sisymbrium Sophia) ... Flixweed seed can probably retain viability for long periods. FLIXWEED, DESCURAINIA SOPHIA 100 seeds - $1.30. Annuals; eglandular; sparsely to densely pubescent, sometimes glabrous distally, trichomes dendritic.Stems erect, un-branched or branched distally, (1-)2-7(-10) dm. Primary Disseminule Type. In addition, in Iran, they are used to prepare a type of Persian refreshing drink (sharbat-e-khakeshir). Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. Seeds are disseminated with water, wind, and manure. The mid-partition longitudinally 3-nerved. It is harvested from the wild for local use as a food, medicine and source of materials. Stem upper part commonly strongly haired, lower part stellate-haired. by treatment with the ethanolic extract of Descurainia sophia seeds (EEDS) [24]. Society; January 16, 2018 - 9:23. The stalk stubs remain when the cotyledons are shed. The seeds of Descurainia sophia are traditionally used to treat coughs, asthma and edema, but their effects on asthma have not been investigated by multi-omics analysis. Descurainia sophia is a member of the family Brassicaceae. seed. Seeds 12-25 per cell, in 1 row, about 1 mm long. Pods slightly curved and very narrow. Its stem is erect, branched, and 4–30 in (10–76 cm) high. In woodland areas Descurainia sophia most often occurs as scattered single plants or in small groupings; in an open meadow it can spread into colonies of hundreds of plants. Gene expression profile of the A549 human non-small cell lung carcinoma cell line following treatment with the seeds of Descurainia sophia, a potential anticancer drug. It is found in North Africa and practically throughout Eurasia. Recommended solution. Flixweed (Descurainia sophia) Flixweed description. Descurainia sophia seeds are used in Iran to prevent asthma, relieve cough and chest The seeds of Descurainia sophia have been used as a TCM to relieve cough and asthma, promote urination, alleviate edema, and enhance cardiac function for a long time . Flixweed Descurainia sophia Mustard family (Brassicaceae) Description: This biennial or annual plant is ½–2½' tall. Pertinent Synonyms & Notes (particularly those used in California; go to GRIN for other synonyms). Seed pods about 3/4 inch long, on stalks 1/4 inch long. 葶苈子 Tíng lì zǐ, 独行菜 Du xing cai Pepperweed seed, Woods Whitlow Grass Family: Cruciferae Tíng lì zǐ is also harvested from Draba nemorosa PART USED: Seed FLAVOR: Pungent, bitter. Join our friendly community that shares tips and ideas for gardens, along with seeds and plants. Summary of Invasiveness Top of page. Height: 30–60 (12–24 in.) Seed banking: Herb sophia builds up a soil seed bank [2,5,39,149]. 3. Abstract Flixweed ( Descurainia sophia L.) and London rocket ( Sysyimbrium irio L.) seeds contain quite a number of nutraceuticals and are often used as herbal medicines. Descurainia sophia is a member of the Brassicaceae (Cruciferae) family, which is cultivated throughout the world as a semiarid crop. Data are from three replicates of 200 seeds sown on the soil surface 1–3 days after collection. 3, 2005 N. P. Bekker, N. T. Ul′chenko, UDC 547.916 and A. I. Glushenkova Descurainia sophia L. (Cruciferae) is widely used in folk medicine. 41, No. The seed can be ground into a powder, mixed with cornmeal and used to make bread, or as a thickening for soups etc[61. flixweed, tansy mustard. While wet, seeds are sliming, and sticking with mud to passing animals and vehicles; they can be disseminated by that way as well. Distribution Latin name: Descurainia sophia Synonyms: Sisymbrium sophia Family: Cruciferae Medicinal use of Flixweed : poultice of the plant has been used to ease the pain of toothache. Latin synonym: Sisymbrium sophia Family: Mustard Family – Brassicaceae (Cruciferae) Growing form: Annual herb. Common names include flixweed, herb-Sophia and tansy mustard. The juice of the plant has been used in the treatment of chronic coughs, hoarseness and ulcerated sore throats. Descurainia sophia (L.) Webb ex Prantl (flixweed) is a member of family Brassicaceae, which is widely distributed in Asia, Europe, northern Africa, and North America. Stands often become dense and crowded within a few post-disturbance years and which can increase … A new aryldihydronaphthoic acid, descuraic acid (1), was isolated from the seeds of Descurainia sophia (L.) Webb ex Prantl. 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