Betrayed by Harold, his vassal, William became King of England after the Battle of Hastings in 1066. Interesting Facts about William the Conqueror. [83] Harold had taken a defensive position at the top of Senlac Hill (present-day Battle, East Sussex), about 6 miles (9.7 kilometres) from William's castle at Hastings. Britannica gives "probably 1028." She was the mother of ten children who survived to adulthood, including two kings, William II and Henry I. The Norman sources do not dispute the fact that Harold was named as the next king, but they declare that Harold's oath and Edward's earlier promise of the throne could not be changed on Edward's deathbed. Robert raided into Lothian and forced Malcolm to agree to terms, building a fortification at Newcastle-on-Tyne while returning to England. In 1086, he ordered the compilation of the Domesday Book, a survey listing all the land-holdings in England along with their pre-Conquest and current holders. Although this was William's first defeat in battle, it did little to change things. [129], The medieval chronicler William of Malmesbury says that the king also seized and depopulated many miles of land (36 parishes), turning it into the royal New Forest region to support his enthusiastic enjoyment of hunting. [143] How abrupt and far-reaching the changes were, is still a matter of debate among historians, with some such as Richard Southern claiming that the Conquest was the single most radical change in European history between the Fall of Rome and the 20th century. [68] Meanwhile, another contender for the throne had emerged â€“ Edward the Exile, son of Edmund Ironside and a grandson of Æthelred II, returned to England in 1057, and although he died shortly after his return, he brought with him his family, which included two daughters, Margaret and Christina, and a son, Edgar the Ætheling. [24] Although many of the Norman nobles engaged in their own private wars and feuds during William's minority, the viscounts still acknowledged the ducal government, and the ecclesiastical hierarchy was supportive of William. [30], William's next efforts were against Guy of Burgundy, who retreated to his castle at Brionne, which William besieged. [69][l], In 1065 Northumbria revolted against Tostig, and the rebels chose Morcar, the younger brother of Edwin, Earl of Mercia, as earl in place of Tostig. [98], While at Winchester in 1070, William met with three papal legates â€“ John Minutus, Peter, and Ermenfrid of Sion â€“ who had been sent by the pope. [80], After defeating Harald Hardrada and Tostig, Harold left much of his army in the north, including Morcar and Edwin, and marched the rest south to deal with the threatened Norman invasion. Marc Penfield in Aspects Summer/1993, date and time speculative, October 14 OS. The historian Eleanor Searle speculates that William was raised with the three cousins who later became important in his career â€“ William fitzOsbern, Roger de Beaumont, and Roger of Montgomery. Next he led his forces around the south and west of London, burning along the way. The intact body was restored to the tomb at that time, but in 1562, during the French Wars of Religion, the grave was reopened and the bones scattered and lost, with the exception of one thigh bone. Some of the native abbots were also deposed, both at the council held near Easter and at a further one near Whitsun. During his childhood and adolescence, members of the Norman aristocracy battled each other, both for control of the child duke and for their own ends. According to the historian David Bates, this probably means that little happened of note, and that because William was on the continent, there was nothing for the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle to record. 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